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In order to be as environmentally friendly as possible and to reduce input costs, we use organic manure on our coffee fields and encourage our outgrowers to do the same. Duck manure is an excellent choice of organic fertilizer for plants, with an evenly balanced NPK ratio of 2.8:2.3:1.7 (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium). It also contains more liquid than chicken manure so nourishes plants without burning them.

If you have raised ducks, you will know what a mess they make of their water, which therefore has to be changed frequently. We have built a raised duck pond in camp allowing us to regularly drain the water to irrigate the nearby coffee. The ducks were initially cautious about their new pond (despite some enthusiastic encouragement from certain members of the Board of Directors) but they are now very much at home (the ducks rather than the Directors) and I will keep you posted on their progress!

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